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Tuesday, July 21, 2020 | History

4 edition of The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean (NATO SCIENCE PARTNERSHIP SUB-SERIES: 2: Environmental Security Volume 70) (NATO Science Partnership Sub-Series 2: Environmental Security) found in the catalog.

The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean (NATO SCIENCE PARTNERSHIP SUB-SERIES: 2: Environmental Security Volume 70) (NATO Science Partnership Sub-Series 2: Environmental Security)

  • 314 Want to read
  • 17 Currently reading

Published by Springer .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Climatology,
  • Oceanography (seas),
  • Science,
  • Politics/International Relations,
  • Arctic Ocean,
  • Arctic regions,
  • Earth Sciences - Oceanography,
  • Science / Meteorology

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsEdward Lyn Lewis (Editor), E. Peter Jones (Editor), Peter Lemke (Editor), Terry D. Prowse (Editor), Peter Wadhams (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages644
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL7809212M
    ISBN 100792364406
    ISBN 109780792364405

    Large freshwater anomalies clearly exist in the Arctic Ocean. For example, liquid freshwater has accumulated in the Beaufort Gyre in the decade of the s compared to –, with an extra ≈ km 3 — about 25% — being stored. The sources of freshwater to the Arctic from precipitation and runoff have increased between these periods (most of the evidence comes from models).Cited by: Buy The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean, Oxfam, Lewis, Edward Lyn, ,

    The Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean in the world. Located on the North Pole, it touches Asia, Europe, and North America. For many months, the sun does not rise over the Arctic, and when summer arrives, the ice barely melts! Young readers will enjoy finding out more about this unfamiliar ocean . The book is suitable for lecturers, graduate students as well as scientists interested in the organic-carbon-cycle and Arctic Ocean (paleo-)environment. ; in Scientific expeditions ; Richard King ; Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Arctic Ocean in , , and The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean. Author.

    The great rivers enter the Arctic Ocean at the wide shelf seas which comprise more than 1/3 of the 9 m2 large surface area of the Arctic Ocean. Discover the world's research 16+ million members.   The Arctic Oscillation, rather than the Beaufort High, is the main factor affecting the freshening of the Arctic Ocean since the s. Changes in Arctic Ocean Cited by:


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The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean (NATO SCIENCE PARTNERSHIP SUB-SERIES: 2: Environmental Security Volume 70) (NATO Science Partnership Sub-Series 2: Environmental Security) Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Transformations of Atlantic Water in the Arctic Ocean and Their Significance for the Freshwater Budget. Pages Rudels, Bert (et al.). The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean (Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 2) [Lewis, Edward Lyn, Jones, E.

Peter, Lemke, Peter, Prowse, Terry D., Wadhams, Peter] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean (Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 2)Format: Paperback. Following a decision by the Arctic Ocean Sciences Board (AOSB) in July the then chainnan, Geoffrey Holland, wrote a letter of invitation to a meeting to plan a "Symposium on the Freshwater Balance of the Arctic".

Arctic Ocean Sciences Board, the Scientific Committee for Ocean Research, the Arctic Climate System Study, and the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment. While the delay in publication was frustrating to many, the book is the state-of-the-art, in terms of our understanding (or lack thereof) of the fresh­ water budget of the Arctic Ocean (AO).Author: James P.M.

Syvitski. Alekseev and Buzuev [1] estimated the total freshwater input to the Arctic Ocean to be between and km3/year based on ice formation data. Treshnikov [2] (reported in [3]) estimated the total freshwater flux from gauged land surface areas to be km3/yr, or 51 to 77 percent of the total from [1].

The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean. The atmospheric components of the hydrological cycle comprise the following: total precipitation (rainfall, snowfall and other hydrometeors deposited on the Earth’s surface), evapo-sublimation, the horizontal advection of water vapour and.

from book The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean (pp) The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean. and sea-ice simulate the two major components of the ocean fresh water budget.

According to recent estimates of the freshwater budget of the Arctic Ocean [Serreze et al., ], the amount of liquid fresh water exported through Fram Strait and the Canadian Archipelago is and km 3 a −1, respectively, and the flux from the Canada Basin accounts for more than 40% of this export.

Our calculations indicate that the Cited by:   With regard to the overall freshwater budget of the Arctic Ocean, a salient finding is that the projected increase of river discharge exceeds the increase of the total amount of precipitation over the Arctic Ocean (at least within 70°–90°N), by as much as a factor of by:   The time series of the large-scale components of the Arctic Ocean freshwater budget over the twentieth and twenty-first centuries are shown in Fig.

The sign convention is such that a source of freshwater for the Arctic Ocean is positive and a sink is negative. Results from the preindustrial control integration are also shown on this by: from the Canada Basin contributes 40% of the freshwater flux from the Arctic Ocean to the North Atlantic Ocean.

Citation: Yamamoto-Kawai, M., F. McLaughlin, E. Carmack, S. Nishino, and K. Shimada (), Freshwater budget of theCited by: The Arctic Ocean freshwater budgets in climate model integrations of the twentieth and twenty-first century are examined. An ensemble of six members of the Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) is used for the analysis, allowing the anthropogenically forced trends over Cited by: The present paper synthesizes the new simulations of both the twentieth- and twenty-first-century arctic freshwater budget components for use in the IPCC AR4, and attempts to determine whether demonstrable progress has been achieved since the late by: The freshwater budget of the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans has been changing over the last few decades in part due to increased melting of glaciers and the Greenland Ice Sheet in the region.

This increasing source of freshwater can influence ocean circulation, biological productivity in coastal waters and the climate of the by: The Arctic Ocean's freshwater budget: sources, storage and export / Eddy C.

Carmack The Arctic ocean freshwater budget of a climate General Circulation Model / Howard Vattle and Douglas Cresswell. The Arctic Ocean freshwater budget of a climate General Circulation Model; H. Cattle, D. Cresswell. Atmospheric components of the Arctic Ocean hydrologic budget assessed from Rawinsonde data; M.C.

Serreze, R.G. Barry. Freshwater in the Arctic Ocean has a mean residence time of about a decade. This is understood in that annual freshwater input, while large (∼ km 3), is an order of magnitude smaller than oceanic freshwater storage of ∼84, km 3.

Freshwater in the atmosphere, as water vapor, has a residence time of about a by: Freshwater components are delivered to the Arctic Ocean by atmospheric transport and by ocean and river inflows. Further net distillation of fresh water may occur within the Arctic during the The Arctic Ocean’s Freshwater Budget: Sources, Storage and Export | SpringerLinkCited by: The freshwater budget of the Arctic Ocean.E.L.

Lewis (Editor). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, xxii + p, illustrated, hard : David J. Barber. The freshwater lens covering the surface of the Arctic Ocean is roughly 50 to meters thick and consists of river runoff, sea-ice meltwater, and low-salinity water of Pacific origin imported through Bering Strait.

Whereas salinity data provide us with a good picture of the distribution. Get this from a library! The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean. [Edward Lyn Lewis; E Peter Jones; Peter Lemke; Terry D Prowse; Peter Wadhams] -- There have been major changes in the heat content and ice cover of the Arctic Ocean since Year after year, this observational evidence underscores the likelihood that predictions of global.For those who are unfamiliar with them a brief outline of the general nature of coupled models is provided in the next section.

More specific details of HADCM3 are given in Section n 4 details the model’s simulation of the components of the Arctic Ocean freshwater budget which is summarised in Section by: 5.The authors investigate the response of the Arctic Ocean freshwater budget to changes in the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) using a regional-ocean configuration of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology GCM (MITgcm) and carry out several different yr and yr by: